Capacitors (Latin term: condensus = compressor) are capacitive, i.e. they store electric charge. The physical unit of measure for capacity [C] (Latin term: capacitas = capacity) is Farad [F] (in honour of the English physicist and chemist Michael Faraday). Capacitors consist of two electrodes (surfaces conducting electricity) which are arranged close to each other, and a dielectric (insulating layer) in between.

Capacitors (abbr. cap) are frequency-dependent resistors. This is an important property for audio applications because capacitors can filter out low frequencies (i.e. low tones) from music signals. As the filter effect decreases with increasing frequency, the reverse conclusion is: The lower the capacity, the higher the filter effect (i.e. the higher the separating frequency).


Lowest tolerances of components used in the left and right signal path are fundamental for realistic and stereophonic (Greek stereos = spatial) music reproduction. Only if the characteristics of both channels are close to identical, each musician can be exactly allocated and an according spatial reproduction is possible.

Richness of detail

The conversion of mechanical into electrical vibrations is referred to as microphonic effect. This effect results in vibrations added to the electric music signal thus overlaying and alienating it. On the one hand, the transparency and stereophony of reproduction decreases, and on the other hand, distortions and tonal irritations increase significantly. Therefore, mechanically solid and vibration-damping components are a vital prerequisite for audiophile music reproduction.

Raw materials & processing

Lowest tolerances and highest mechanical stability can only be guarantied by using raw materials of highest quality and pureness, maximum accuracy regarding to controls as well as utmost precision and continuity in production. Furthermore, these characteristics which apply for all products made by MUNDORF ensure highest audio pleasure.